DEP Quietly Recognizes Extreme Weather In Water Permit Program

September 16th, 2014 No comments

DEP Expands Emergency Plan Requirements for Sewer Plants

Could the silence mean that everyone is afraid to challenge Gov. Christie’s Climate Denial?

[Updates below - where did these new requirements come from? Why done under the radar?]

I have been highly critical of the Christie DEP’s failure to consider extreme weather events that will increase in severity and frequency as a result of climate change and for DEP’s refusal to develop a climate change adaptation plan.

I also have criticized DEP’s failure to monitor and enforce existing NJPDES permit requirements for sewage treatment plants regarding emergency planning and response, including the need to have back up power systems to keep plants operational under emergency conditions.

Those failures are interrelated and they exacerbated the extended outages and discharge of billions of gallons of raw sewage by scores of sewage treatment plants knocked off line by Sandy due to loss of power or storm surge.

However, I am stunned to report progress on all three issues, based on a recent review of several draft DEP NJPDES permits issued to several sewer authorities to control “Combined Sewer Overflows” (CSO) (more on the CSO aspects in a  future post).

New conditions of those draft CSO permits suggest that DEP has learned something from Sandy failures and imposed new requirements to correct those failures.

Specifically, DEP has quietly imposed two significant new emergency planning requirements in NJPDES permits.

First, DEP now requires that sewer plants plan for the 500 year storm event.

Historically, the DEP regulations and permits were based on the 100 year storm event.

A 500 year storm is considerably larger in terms of volume and rate of water (inches per hour and total rainfall, and storm water runoff rate and volume); in the elevation of floodwaters and storm surge; and in the land area inundated by flood waters and storm surge.

The term “500-year flood” is the flood that has a 0.2% chance of being equaled or exceeded each year. The 500-year flood could occur more than once in a relatively short period of time. Statistically, the 0.2% (500- year) flood has a 6% chance of occurring during a 30-year period of time, the length of many mortgages.

Second, DEP now requires that sewer plants plan for extended power outages, up to 14 days in duration.

Both significant new technical requirements were built into this new condition in the NJPDES permit (see page 9 of 18, item J.)

The permittee shall also include in the O&M Program and corresponding Manual, an Emergency Plan, in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:14A-6.12(d). The Emergency Plan shall provide for, to the maximum extent possible, uninterrupted treatment works operation during emergency conditions using in-house and/or contract based services. The Emergency Plan shall include Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), which ensure the effective operation of the treatment works under emergency conditions, such as extreme weather events (including 100 and 500 year storm events) and extended periods of no power, (e.g., 7 days and 14 days). 

I assume that this is a boilerplate condition that will be imposed in all sewage treatment plant NJPDES permits, and should also be included in DEP’s water infrastructure asset management program and across the board in virtually all DEP land use and related regulatory programs as a climate change extreme weather adaptation policy.

The new permit requirements generate a host of questions.

We note that these new requirements are in draft permits that are not yet final.

We don’t know if similar conditions have been inserted in other permits that are draft or final.

We don’t know what the position is of the sewer authorities and whether they will contest these new requirements.

We also don’t know what DEP’s actual technical guidelines are for how to manage and prepare for the 500 year storm and supply back up power for 14 days.

Or how to fund the necessary upgrades required to meet these new requirements.

Or how they will be monitored and enforced by DEP.

Perhaps  answers and those technical aspects of the program will emerge during DEP’s development of the much touted new “Resiliency Bank”.

We are a skeptic of that effort, which is why we were stunned to see the above NJPDES permit requirements.

Those new permit requirements were not mentioned by DEP Commissioner Martin when he was asked specific questions about DEP’s response to Sandy sewer outages during DEP budget hearings this spring, or more recently by Assistant Commissioner Kennedy, during legislative oversight hearings on DEP’s new “asset management” and CSO programs.

We’ll try to get some answers and keep you posted.

In our next post, we look at new DEP permit requirements for asset management and green infrastructure.

[Update #1 – A Trenton source explains the origin of the new DEP permit requirements as follows – in which case, EPA should be glad to take credit for them. But, given how weak EPA Region 2 has been in oversight of NJ DEP during the Christie Administration, I am finding this almost as difficult to believe as the fact that DEP actually issued the permit requirements:

The 500 year storm and frequency in the CSO permits are part of settlement with Region 2 on CSO’s .Epa is also requiring sea level rise and storm surge requirements for sewer funding and NJ is using the 500 year storm as away of meeting that standard without mentioning climate or sea level rise.

Update #2 – Trenton source now says that EPA Regional Administrator Enck has already publicly taken credit for these new permit requirements – guess I just missed it.

Update # 3 – Trying to run down exactly how EPA allegedly imposed these requirements.

Here is EPA Region 2 draft Climate Change Adaptation Plan required by President Obama’s Executive Order – it notes extreme weather impacts, and NPDES and CSO programs, but is vague and makes no specific commitments and action items about directing NJ DEP to impose new permit requirements listed above. One hell of a way to run a government!

Region 2 sees future opportunities to work with state regulators during the planning and permitting process, for the air programs and the NPDES program with particular focus on sewage treatment plants, in accounting for climate change related issues. Region 2 sees future opportunity to work with state regulators during the planning and permitting process, for the air and oil sector and sewage treatment plants, in accounting for climate change related issues. This could require considering the elevation of a facility, location of facility intakes, and location of emissions control equipment to account for project climate change impacts. In the Caribbean, we could explore the possibility of implementing green infrastructure and green energy in consent- decrees and orders (for both Safe Drinking Water Act and Clean Water Act).

I could find nothing specific about this on EPA Region 2 Climate Adaptation web page either – and that page includes a link to “regulatory initiatives”, which this surely is.

Maybe the recent NJ Future CSO Report or Rutgers Climate Adaptation Alliance work addresses it? I’ll go there next.

This shouldn’t be so hard – no wonder the public is clueless.

[Update #4 - The NJ Future CSO Report provides extensive analysis of NJPDES CSO permits, but I could not find specific discussion of 500 year and 14 day permit conditions – I did find this, which is somewhat on point, but the context is cost, not NJPDES permit condition and I could find nothing specific about 14 day  backup power:

Discussions with utility managers emphasize the coming competition between CSO costs and other water infrastructure expenditures, not to mention non-water infrastructure expenditures that have been identified as priorities, such as transportation systems and electric energy utilities. As one example, Passaic Valley Sewerage Commissioners (PVSC) own and operate the nation’s fifth-largest sewage treatment plant. PVSC faces $110 million in damages to the treatment plant from Hurricane Sandy, and a need for perhaps $250 million for improved resilience measures such as flood walls, protection of sensitive equipment, and backup power to achieve protection against both current flooding potential and future risks (using the 500-year or 0.2% probability flood as the risk benchmark). These costs are in addition to the anticipated costs of improving a 30- year old treatment facility that had a 25-year economic lifespan, and an aging interceptor line that was built in 1924.1

Update # 5 – this is exhausting – the Rutgers Climate Adaptation Alliance Report mentions NJPDES and water allocation permits, but not in terms of 500 year flood event or 14 day duration back up power.

Again, this is amazing because at the time both reports were issued, DEP had already included this as a permit condition. I can’t recall another example of where DEP regulators were out in front of virtually everyone. And there were no fingerprints on a significant new policy and permit condition.

[Update # 6 – in addition to the difficulty of trying to document the origin and basis for this permit condition, another very unusual fact is that DEP had multiple opportunities and obligations to mention this but did not. Specifically:

1) DEP didn’t issue a press release bragging about their new “resiliency” requirements or

2) DEP Commissioner Martin didn’t note it in his budget testimony (which emphasized all the sewage plants knocked off line) or

3) DEP Asst. Commissioner Kenedy did n’t mention it during his “asset management” and CSO program testimony to Assembly oversight

4) BPU and EDA didn’t say anything about that in the Resiliency Bank press releases and

5) Sandy HUD second round submission that had extensive section of resiliency bank concept to get the $25 million in federal funds. That funding was justified based on sewage plants failure.

Could the silence mean that virtually everyone is afraid to challenge Gov. Christie’s Climate Denial?

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Trenton Wurlitzer Was Fully Engaged Yesterday

September 16th, 2014 No comments

Christie DEP Spin Swallowed By Lapdog Press

A Do Nothing Legislature

Green Mafia Self Dealings

Three actions in Trenton yesterday provide perfect examples of how the completely broken system we call government, media, and environmental lobbying operates.

Let’s take a look at each and excerpt specific examples of systemic failings.

1) Passaic River Settlement- Its All spin, All the time – and it almost worked

The Christie DEP issued the usual self congratulatory press release yesterday announcing a major $190 million settlement of Passaic River cleanup litigation.

As usual, the release was highly selective in presenting a set of facts to spin a very favorable story.

That  kind of over the top spin has become routine after almost 5 years now, so one would assume that their credibility would be almost zero and reporters would be skeptical and do their homework to get the story right, particularly a big story like this.

One would be wrong.

Both the Star Ledger and the Bergen Record posted seriously flawed stories shortly after the DEP press release was issued. Both stories were virtually transcribed, based on the DEP press release.

Both stories were highly favorable, had dramatic pro-DEP headlines, ended with a critical quip by Jeff Tittel, and missed the real story, which is Gov. Christie’s diversion of the settlement money to pay for corporate tax cuts.

Revealing – but not admitting – they got the story wrong and badly incomplete, both stories were later updated, apparently on the basis of a critical statement by Deb Mans of NY/NJ Baykeeper.

So after 5 years of the Christie administration’s pro-corporate environmental record, and repeatedly being spun and at times lied to by the DEP press office, the press still went with the story in the DEP press release.

Did reporters and their editors really think that Christie DEP would hammer a corporation and promote environmental and public health investments? The exact opposite of what they’ve been doing for 5 years now?

And they apparently think that journalism, e.g. researching and fact checking a story, consists of a phone call to Jeff Tittel.

NJ Spotlight, an independent outlet that has a professional environmental reporter and is not driven by the race to get it published first, got the story right this morning.

This crap happens all the time. But the media mistakes based on lies and spin are rarely caught and corrected like this.

[update: At least the Star Ledger clearly notes and makes the story update transparent. In contrast, while the Bergen Record story notes two updates, it is impossible to understand the substance of those updates or view the original story. Orwell's memory hole phenomenon.]

2) Flooding Risks – Status Quo with a Bright Red Bow 

The Senate Environment Committee heard and released an important bill that purports to mandate that DEP update flood hazard maps. (see S308)

We’ve been writing about this issue for a long time, most recently, see:

So, the release of the bill is a very good thing, right?

Wrong! – and here’s the rub:

The Christie DEP strongly opposed the bill, based on cost. According to the OLS fiscal note:

  • According to informal information provided by the DEP, updating the delineations of flood hazard areas and floodways would be a major undertaking involving a significant cost to the department that could amount to millions of dollars annually. 

So how did the bill address the cost issue and pay for the map updating?

Did it require that the cost of the program be included in permit fees and be borne by developers seeking flood hazard permits?

Did it establish a new funding source?

Did it just flat out mandate that the maps be updated and require the DEP to find the money from somewhere else in the DEP budget?

Nope – none of the above.

It simply ignored the issue by adopting the Assembly compromise by inserting this amendment into the bill:

The department shall, within the limits of funds appropriated or otherwise made available therefor, update delineations of flood hazard areas as appropriate as provided in subsection b. of this section.  

Legislators know damn well that there will not be a special line item appropriation in the budget next year for updating flood maps. And nothing in the legislation would suggest they will or require that they do so.

No legislator banged the table and pledged to fight for this money.

The DEP can now point to the lack of a special appropriation to ignore the law.

Both the legislature and DEP appear to have done something good, but nothing actually changes, while the flooding risks get worse.

And none of this got reported anyway.

This crap happens all the time.

3) Prescribed Burns – It’s About Protecting the Bottom Line

The Senate Environment Committee heard and released a bill to promote prescribed burns on public and private lands. (see S2012).

We’ve written about and testified in opposition to this bill (see this for details, which I will not go into here):

I want to highlight two things that show systemic flaws:

A)  A private citizen – not a lobbyist or environmental group member – testified in opposition to the bill.

The citizen objected, among other things, that people negatively impacted by the burning and smoke were not provided public notice (which could allow avoiding and getting away from the smoke) or given an opportunity to object.

Senator Codey expressed a concern about that, noting that the land use law requires notice about small things, like building a deck on a home.

Ed Wengren from the NJ Farm Bureau testified in support of the bill. Based on Senator Codey’s concerns, Chairman Smith was essentially forced to ask Wengren point blank whether notice was provided to nearby land owners and municipal officials.

He either did not know exactly what the notice requirements were – in which case he should have said “I don’t know” and just shut up – or he misled the Committee by implying that notice was provided and spinning about the notification practices under the current program.

DEP’s representative was asked the same point blank question. At least he had the integrity to say he didn’t know the details, at which point Chairman Smith demanded that he make a phone call to his DEP associates and find out.

That almost never happens – DEP is almost never called to account. And I have never seen the Chairman direct DEP to immediately provide a response like that.

This rare drilling down all happened only because  Smith wanted to move the bill (Smith’s “Forest Stewardship bill also involves prescribed burns); because Senator Codey raised the concern, and because the Farm Bureau and DEP badly bungled the issue.

So, this episode points to several flaws: 1) citizens’ valid concerns are rarely listened to and acted on – in this case they were and the bill was amended. This is the exception that proves the rule; and 2)  lobbyists routinely either don’t know what they are talking about or mislead and are never called out for it nor is their credibility impaired for it (unless they are private citizens or Tea Party or Americans for Prosperity).

B)  NJ Audubon testified in support of the bill.

They cried crocodile tears for the people and property that were at risk from wildfire, and repeated all the myths about fire suppression as the cause of this risk.

Audubon then justified their support on the basis of promoting habitat for wildfire dependent species.

Wow, so Audubon is looking out for people and wildlife habitat, and this bill would promote additional protections, right?

Not really.

You see, Audubon, private landowners and DEP don’t need this bill to conduct prescribed burns when necessary.

Its all about money – not fire risks or habitat.

Audubon never mentioned the cost and availability of insurance and that liability thing. Or their financial interests in the “relief” provided under the bill.

You see, the NJ Fire Wardens and DEP Forest Service already have the authority to conduct prescribed burns to reduce legitimate fire risk and promote habitat.

The the real issue is that private landowning conservation groups – like Audubon and NJCF – and private landowners – like Farm Bureau members – are either unable to get or must puchase costly insurance.

The bill provides a waiver of liability so they don’t have to spend the money to get proper insurance for an inherently dangerous activity.

They mask this financial interest in all sorts of BS about reducing wildlife risk and enhancing habitat.

And no one even mentions this, surely not the media.

And this self dealing under cover of conservation happens all the time – I call it the Green Mafia.

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Legislators Back Christie “Regulatory Relief” Policy – Renew Attack on Public Health and Environmental Safeguards

September 15th, 2014 No comments

Bill Would Implement Governor Christie’s Policy To Block NJ State Standards That Are Stricter Than Federal Minimums

Zombie ALEC Agenda Re-emerges

Reverses 40 Years of NJ Leadership

South Jersey Democratic Assemblyman Burzichelli – a member of Gov. Christie’s “Red Tape Commission” created by Executive Order #3 – has joined north jersey Republican Scott Rumana (a fellow Red Tape Commissioner)  as sponsor of a bill to prohibit State agencies from proposing new regulatory standards that are more stringent than federal minimums (see A3589).

The bill was quietly introduced on September 11, 2014. It would apply only to new standards and exempt existing standards and the re-adoption of those standards.

Gov. Christie has sought to rollback existing standards, so the bill is part of a one-two punch.

Specifically, the bill is consistent with and would provide a legislative basis for Governor Christie’s “regulatory relief” policy, under Executive Order #2, regarding the relationship between federal and state standards.

Among other things, EO #2 restricts State agencies from adopting State standards that are more protective than their minimum federal counterparts:

e. Detail and justify every instance where a proposed rule exceeds the requirements of federal law or regulation. State agencies shall, when promulgating proposed rules, not exceed the requirements of federal law except when required by State statute or in such circumstances where exceeding the requirements of federal law or regulation is necessary in order to achieve a New Jersey specific public policy goal. 

Using unilateral Executive Authority, Governor Christie adopted an across the board “federal consistency” policy under EO #2, a move that slammed the brakes on State government, particularly DEP’s effort to better protect the health of NJ residents and their environment.

The Christie policy not only lacks legislative authorization, but reverses 40 years of NJ state leadership.

NJ has has pioneered major environmental initiatives: such as solid and hazardous waste management; Spill Act and ECRA/ISRA for toxic site cleanups; air and water pollution controls; drinking water standards; coastal zone management, and chemical safety programs under NJ’s Toxic Catastrophe Prevention, Right to Know, Laboratory Certification, Clean Water Enforcement, and Pollution Prevention Acts.

The Christie policy also stands the federalism framework  on its head under virtually all federal environmental laws. Federal laws set minimum uniform national standards and encourage State’s to be more stringent, based on local conditions and preferences. It is rare for federal law to expressly pre-empt State laws.

(wonks like to refer to this framework as States serving as “laboratories of Democracy”)

NJ’s residents have long favored strict environmental and public health safeguards – and continue to do so.

Like climate change, we have already seen the negative consequences of the Christie regulatory policy in numerous areas, from lack of protections for our drinking water, pending ecological collapse of bays and estuaries like Barnegat Bay and Delaware Bay (i.e. lack of protective federal TMDL’s, cooling tower requirements, nutrient standards, et al), and an inability to protect communities and manage risks from hazardous air pollutants, water pollution (like lack of adequate DEP oversight of importation of fracking wastes), and industrial accidents, like State government’s role in train derailments and pipeline siting and sinkhole and construction risks, oil shipments, and off shore LNG.

These are not stand alone independent individual issues – they stem from a common regulatory policy. Press and environmental groups seem incapable of connecting the dots to the source.

Christie DEP’s latest regulatory surrender on the federal standards front is to the US Army Corps of Engineers on the standards that apply to dredging and disposal and so called “beneficial reuse” of dredge spoils. More to come on this issue.

It is a major failing of the NJ press corps and legislative Democrats that this Christie policy has not been exposed, subjected to legislative oversight hearings, and roundly criticized.

One can only assume that the Democrats, who control the Legislature and very quietly effectively have blocked passage of the bill, are afraid to openly criticize the Gov.’s radical pro-business anti-environmental policy. Guess that they are afraid of being seen as “anti-business” or “pro-red tape”.

And its a damn shame that Assemblyman Burzichelli is sponsoring this attack, and not just for partisan reasons and the bizarre politics of supporting Gov. Christie.

Burzichelli’s constituents are getting hammered by the chemical industrial complex that they are surrounded by – they are becoming a “sacrifice zone” - and they badly need leadership in Trenton, not an oil and chemical industry flunky.

  • Recent History – ALEC Wish List

The initial version of the bill was introduced in May 2010 by NJ’s former State Chairman of ALEC – Sussex County Republican Senator Oroho.

It has gone nowhere for 5 years, and for good reason – it is an awful bill, a wish list of right wing radicals and corporate interests who seek to neuter and slowly dismantle government regulations.

  • Prospects

We doubt that this bill will move through the legislative process.

Regardless, its mere existence – compounded by the silence of the Democrats and failure to generate media coverage – tends to legitimize Gov. Christie’s radical rollback policy agenda and invite further attack on environmental protections.

The bill, even without passage, favorably reinforces business community expectations (Read my lips: NO NEW REGULATIONS!)  and exerts a strong political drag on State government’s pursuit of new or expanded regulatory initiatives, particularly at DEP.

As climate change debate gets engaged, it will become even more obvious that NJ needs to do more than the federal EPA national minimum.

Given these negative consequences, we urge folks to make some noise.

(* tbis post has been revised slightly)

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NJ Senator Introduces Package of Bills To Promote Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions and Increase Renewable Energy Goals

September 15th, 2014 No comments

[Intro Note: I could not resist noting that these bills, intended to implement the Global Warming Response Act, come almost exactly seven years after this Star Ledger Op-Ed:

The [GWRA] law — contrary to widespread media coverage — does not legally cap greenhouse gas emissions or mandate emissions reductions on any major pollution sources. As a result, the law’s theoretically “mandatory” goals are unenforceable and therefore a fiction. They amount to the same voluntary approach backed by the Bush administration. 

Specifically, the law provides no regulatory authority, funding or staff for the DEP to take the necessary steps to implement and enforce the emission reduction goals. Instead, the DEP is kept on a tight leash and merely directed to develop a set of recommendations on how to meet the goals and to submit that proposed plan to the Legislature by June 2008. In passing the law, the Legislature merely kicked the can down the road, postponing hard choices for well over a year. 

Perhaps even worse, any DEP powers to implement the goals of the law were explicitly narrowed. DEP’s role is limited to emissions monitoring and reporting progress in achieving the goals.   ~~~ end intro

Prior to hearing the bills on the agenda today, Senate Environment Committee Chairman Bob Smith announced the introduction of a package of bills.

The bills grew out of the Energy Stakeholder process Smith created and the all day hearing held earlier this summer. Additional bills are being drafted on a broad range of related energy and greenhouse gas emission issues.

The bills were distributed at the hearing – I was not there and don’t have copies, but did listen in and heard Smith summarized them as follows:

1) Smart Growth and Sustainable development to be included as part of  local master plan under NJ Municipal Land Use law – obviously, the devil is in the details on major issues, such as whether the bill is simply permissive, or requires inclusion in local Master Plans, a well as how the concepts are defined and implemented programmatically in local zoning and land use ordinances.

I can’t wait to read the bill, but, based on many years of observing Trenton on land use issues and having a vague familiarity with these slogans, have very low expectations

2) revise NJ Department of Transportation’s capital budget process to address greenhouse gas emissions and the goals of the Global Warming Response Act.

Again, sounds interesting, but DOT already abuses the Clean Air Act’s SIP conformity review process.

3) A Resolution to the federal government supporting reductions in gas pipeline emissions

4) increase in the current Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards (RPS)

Smith dismissed the long term contract mechanisms as one means to implement RPS goals.

5) increase current net metering rate of 2.5% to 7.5%

More to follow when the bills become available electronically.

Apparently, Smith is seeking sponsors and they will be formally introduced today so should be on line shortly.

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Christie Administration’s Environmental Policy Highlighted By Revolving Door Departure of DEP Deputy Commissioner

September 8th, 2014 No comments

Revolving Door Exposes Christie Pro-Business Failed Environmental Policy

Legacy of Slashing “Red Tape” and Enforcement

A Red Tape Slasher at DEP, there to promote corproate interests from Day 1. Siekerka appears with Lt. Gov. "Red Tape Czar" Guadagno at a March 2010 Chamber event, shortly before joining DEP.

A Red Tape Slasher at DEP, there to promote corporate interests from Day 1. Siekerka appears with Lt. Gov. “Red Tape Czar” Guadagno at a March 2010 Chamber event, shortly before joining DEP. (photo source: Star Ledger)

According to Politciker NJ – that bastion of journalism established by none other than Wally Edge, aka David Wildstein of GW Bridgegate Fame – DEP Deputy Commissioner Michele Siekerka is leaving to head the NJ Business and Industry Association, see:

Anyway, getting back to business:

Siekerka joined DEP in June 2010 as part of the Christie Administration’s “cultural revolution” at DEP.

Seriously – DEP Commissioner Martin’s first priority was to “change the DEP culture” – his words, not mine.

That change in “culture” included a new DEP role:  to “promote economic growth” and to provide “customer service” -

Really, I am not making this up, I am using Martin’s own words – words he was comfortable with after a 25 year career as a business consultant at Accenture.

In case you never heard of Accenture, they are the firm that was spun off from the criminal indictment and collapse of the Arthur Anderson accounting firm of Enron scandal fame.

So Martin did bring rather unique institutional values, ethics, and training to his new DEP gig.

Anyway, getting back to the Siekerka business.

As a former pro-automobile lawyer and lobbyist (AAA), and then CEO of the Mercer Chamber of Commerce, Siekerka – who knew all about the corporate view of “red tape” and “job killing regulations” – was a perfect choice to head the new Martin DEP Office of Economic Development and Green Energy.

The Christie Administration’s across the board failed record on “Green Energy” speaks for itself – I need not rehash it here.

In February 2012, Sierkerka was promoted to Assistant Commissioner of Water Resources, which I wrote about here.

Like her predecessor John Plonski, her legacy is to promote business interests – her key “accomplishment” in that office was to preside over the Gov.’s failed “Barnegat Bay” plan.

Again, the Christie failure to address critical water resource issues – which I’ve frequently written about in detail here and won’t repeat –  speaks for itself.

Siekerka was named DEP Deputy Commissioner upon the departure of Irene Kropp, who retired after marrying a landfill owner, which relationship prompted an unresolved ethics complaint involving the notorious Fenimore landfill fiasco.

Really, you can’t make this stuff up.

My mom used to say something like “measure a person by who they surround themselves with”.

This blatant revolving door abuse is the perfect illustration of everything that’s wrong with the anti-government crony capitalism Christie Team.

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