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“Redwoods Rising” – Forests Falling

October 17th, 2018 No comments

The latest in logging pretexts

Bouy in Redwood Country

Bouy in Redwood Country

It takes a special kind of Orwellian cynicism to name a logging project – including logging young redwood trees – “Redwoods Rising“. Our story:

_DSC5233As I hiked in old growth redwood forests in Redwood National  Park along Lost Man Creek trail  -an old logging road, ironically the site of the 1982 ceremony designating the forest as a “World Heritage Site”- despite the “road closed” sign at the trailhead, I was assaulted by logging trucks hauling substantial 10 – 25 inch diameter trees, which were mostly Douglas fir, but included redwoods.

So, I stopped by the nearby National park public information center to ask about what was going on.

After getting nervous runarounds from a young park desk employee – who played dumb – I was referred to the supervisor.

She too initially gave me a runaround, telling me that the trail was closed. When I replied that I saw several logging trucks on it, she again dodged, by asking if I had specific information, like the name of the logging company trucks.

When I replied that the trucks were operated by “Pacific Earthscape” (hit the link and look at the photo of logging/roadbuilding on steep slopes and note the corporate logo” Pacific Earthscape Builds Smarter“), she suddenly understood what I was referring to and said: “Oh, they work for us”.

She explained the project, and was careful to respond to my question that all logging revenues were dedicated in a special account for managing the project. Still, the conflict between science and securing agency funding remains, a conflict made worse in a time of scarce resources and budget cuts.

We’ve seen all sorts of “justifications” for logging – including creating of “young forest” or early successional habitat for endangered migratory birds; salvage logging of forests disturbed by insects and fire; logging to accelerate carbon sequestration; and logging to reduce “fuels” and prevent wildfires – but the “Redwoods Rising”  “restoration” pretext was new to us.

According to the National Park Service (bold mine)

This restoration effort will involve forest and vegetation management, legacy logging road removal and road maintenance, cultural site protection, watershed management, as well as reducing the amounts of erosion and sediment going into rivers and streams.

I don’t have time to adequately research this project, but I scanned the NPS website but could not find links to the scientific support documents and the NEPA Environmental Impact Statement. I don’t know the organizational lay of the land out here, but did find supporting NEPA scoping comments from a group called “EPIC”

“Redwoods Rising” may in fact be a wonderful project to restore old growth redwood forests, as the NGO champions claim, with all these PR slogans (my emphasis):

Redwoods Rising will bring the collaborative, landscape-scale visioning, planning, and project implementation necessary to increase the pace of redwood forest restoration. It will provide additional support to improve stream health, restore critical wildlife habitat, and remove invasive species. It will allow us to reconnect remaining old-growth stands, set previously logged areas back on a trajectory towards old-growth conditions, and create landscapes that will be resilient in the face of future climate change.

But I doubt it.

Here’s what the proponents view as the problem:

Despite their ecological wealth, and stunning beauty, these forests are far from being places of pristine, untouched wilderness. Large swaths of the parks were scarred by decades of logging, which left behind eroding roads, impaired streams, and spindly, young trees that hold neither the magic of an ancient forest nor its ecological strengths.

Do these 50 – 75 year old Douglas firs look like “spindly, young trees“?

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Does the carbon sequestered in those trees move us towards resilient climate change?

Will ecosystems benefit when nursing trees and stored nutrients are removed from the forest via logging?

Will threats from invasive species be reduced when more sunlight hits the forest floor as a result of logging?

Do these going trucks look like they are restoring “eroding roads” and improving water quality?

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Will the project really “increase the pace of redwood forest restoration”?

How will young redwoods and ferns thrive in the bright sunlight of a greatly reduced canopy in a logged forest?

Even if they will, restoration of old growth characteristics will take hundreds of years. What’s the hurry?

Why not let nature “thin” the forest and allow old growth forests to emerge naturally?

Haven’t the forest mangers learned anything about the arrogance of human management?

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ANJEC Whitewashed Christie Whitman’s Record

October 13th, 2018 No comments

Shameless Revisionism In An Effort To Rehabilitate Whitman

I was not aware, when I wrote last week to criticize Christie Whitman’s Op-Ed, that the Association of NJ Environmental Commissions (ANJEC) had named Whitman the keynote speaker for their “Annual Environmental Congress” held on Friday.

Giving Whitman a platform is bad enough.

But, in doing so, ANJEC engaged in outrageous lies and revisionism to whitewash Whitman’s record.

Despite the fact that during Christie Whitman’s first term ANJEC joined a broad coalition of virtually all NJ environmental and conservation groups to oppose the Whitman radical rollback attack on environmental regulations and DEP as an institution, here’s how ANJEC ignored that history and lavishly praised Whitman 23 years later:

Christine Todd Whitman, is the President of The Whitman Strategy Group (WSG), a consulting firm that specializes in energy and environmental issues. WSG offers a comprehensive set of solutions to problems facing businesses, organizations, and governments; they have been at the forefront of helping leading companies find innovative solutions to environmental challenges.

Governor Whitman served in the cabinet of President George W. Bush as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency from January of 2001 until June of 2003. She was the 50th Governor of the State of New Jersey, serving as its first woman governor from 1994 until 2001.

As Governor, Christie Whitman earned praise from both Republicans and Democrats for her commitment to preserve a record amount of New Jersey land as permanent green space. She was also recognized by the Natural Resources Defense Council as having instituted the most comprehensive beach monitoring system in the nation. As EPA Administrator, she promoted common-sense environmental improvements such as watershed-based water protection policies. She championed regulations requiring non-road diesel engines to reduce sulfur emissions by more than 95 percent. During her tenure, the Agency was successful in passing and implementing landmark brownfields legislation to promote the redevelopment and reuse of “brownfields,” previously contaminated industrial sites.

I smell the fingerprints of Candy Ashmum, longtime leader of the ANJEC weenie conservation faction and fellow elitist blue blood Whitman friend.

Ashmum also was involved in the creation of ANJEC and the State legislation that authorized the formation of local environmental commissions.

She opposed any attempt by that legislation to give environmental commissions teeth, in the form of regulatory power to impact local planning board Master Plan, zoning, and development decisions.

Instead, Ashmum restricted local environmental commission powers to an advisory role, thereby diverting local conservation and land use planning efforts to totally ineffective voluntary measures and technocratic distractions like natural resource inventories.

It’s a double irony that Ashmum has served on the regulatory Pinelands Commission for decades, a regulatory regional planning body that contradicts her legacy as champion of toothless local environmental commissions she effectively created.

Ironically, back in 1994, Ashmum led the “Environmental Summit”, a coalition which was formed to provide a united front to oppose Whitman’s radical regulatory policies, attacks, and budget cuts on DEP.

The rest is history, – jut look at the land use – land cover data and landscape – as NJ sprawled in the 1980’s and 1990’s and made a mockery of local environmental commissions’s efforts to inventory sensitive natural resources that should be protected from development.

Ashmum also was a champion the toothless and ineffective State Plan, a project my friend Bill Neil called the greatest fraud ever perpetrated on NJ citizens.

Based on my personal experience, Ashmum, acting as a Sierra Club Board member, blocked my efforts as Sierra Club Policy Director, to oppose the massive controversial proposed Merrill Lynch development scheme in my home town off Hopewell. Tim Dillingham, then Sierra Club Executive Director, can confirm this.

That controversy became a test case and exposed of the failed State Plan that Ashmum held so dear. In fact, I was told that Ashmum personally agreed to the Merrill Lynch development in a deal to preserve the “west side” of Scotch Road.

Ashmum also opposed efforts to create a “Pinelands in the Highlands”, which, despite her fears, bore fruit as the Highlands Act.

Someone should get a hold of longtime ANJEC advocate Abbie Fair to confirm all this.

How far ANJEC has fallen.

And I’ll bet that Ed Lloyd, an ANJEC award winner this year, will not be so uncouth as to mention this history in his remarks. Ed filed the lawsuits against Whitman’s “mega rule”, that was designed to systematically rollback clean water protections in NJ.

Again ironically, the Whitman “mega rule” was derailed when a leaked memo from Dennis Hart – then Director of the DEP Division of Water Resources and now the Executive Director of the NJ Chemistry Council – wrote that the rollbacks would “increase the discharge of carcinogens to public water supplies.” Hart now defends those discharges!

Can’t make this stuff up.

Those were the days, my friend.

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Christie Whitman Is A Flaming Hypocrite On Climate Change

October 5th, 2018 No comments

Whitman Set Back EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases By Over a Decade

Whitman is actually WORSE THAN TRUMP on CLIMATE CHANGE

Former NJ Governor Christie Whitman just authored an Op-Ed that argued that politicians should be judged based on their record, whether they “produced results”. Whitman wrote:

During my time as both governor of New Jersey and administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, I knew that I’d be judged by my actions. All the speeches and public appearances in the world won’t convince people you’ve done your job unless you produce results.

That’s how we need to judge our elected officials when it comes to climate change.

We agree.

And that’s why we must call her out – again – for remarkable hypocrisy.

I’ve written about Whitman several times to set the public record straight on Whitman’s “results” – from her overall “Open for business” environmental record, her regulatory rollback policy, her climate policy, her nuclear industry shilling, her penchant for self promotional PR to mask bad policy, her coverup of science regarding risks to women from toxic heavy metal mercury in freshwater fish, her racist “stop and frisk” episode, and perhaps most shamefully, her actions as EPA administrator after 9/11.

For today, I will focus exclusively on climate change, as I did in a prior post, see:

I’ll do that in this short note to Star Ledger editorial page editor Tom Moran, whom I assume is responsible for giving Whitman the Op-Ed platform.

I strongly doubt that Moran will honor my request for equal time.

Tom – Are you aware of the following facts, established in the public record, about Whitman’s own actions on climate change. I’lll keep it real simple. If you want details, excerpts, and links to EPA documents and the applicable US Supreme Court decision, see this:

http://www.wolfenotes.com/2012/11/setting-the-record-straight-on-christie-whitman-and-global-warming/

1. Whitman, as NJ Gov., had a legal counselor named Bob Fabricant.

2. Whitman took Fabricant with her to Washington as EPA Administrator. Fabricant was named EPA Counsel.

3. Fabricant, at Whitman’s direction, wrote a legal opinion that reversed the Clinton administration EPA’s legal opinion regarding whether greenhouse gases were a regulated pollutant under the federal Clean Air Act. Here it is, you can read it:

http://www.craig-environmental-law.com/forms/Ch4_MassvEPA5_RobertFabricantMemo_Aug2003.pdf

4. Clinton’s legal view was YES, setting the stage for EPA regulation. Fabricant reversed that and said NO.

5. Fabricant’s opinion was cited, criticized, and reversed by the US Supreme Court in the groundbreaking Massachusetts decision.

6. The effect of Whitman/Fabricant’s actions was to delay EPA regulation of greenhouse gas emissions by over a decade.

7. Trump has just now proposed repeal and replacement of Obama Clean Power Plan and repeal of vehicle fuel economy standards – two major EPA regulatory actions on greenhouse gas emissions. But even Trump’s legal analysis finds that GHG are regulated pollutants.

Thus, Whitman is actually WORSE THAN TRUMP on CLIMATE CHANGE.

With that kind of record, how could you possibly give her a platform?

Can I have equal time to set the record straight?

[End Note:  On Whitman’s record, no need to take my word for it. Skeptics can read Whitman’s STARR Report (see p. 46 summary) “Strategy to Advance Regulatory Reform” (Department of State, Office of Business Ombudsman, July 1995) and read Whitman’s first State of The State address for examples of her no holds barred assault on DEP and regulation. Whitman abolished the Office of Environmental Prosecutor via Executive Order #9 and created the anti-regulatory Business Ombudsman’s Office via Executive Order #15) Whitman sought to roll back stricter NJ state standards to federal minimums via Executive Order #27. These are just a few of Whitman’s attacks that have been expanded upon by Gov. Christie and embraced by Gov. Murphy.

Full disclosure: I was fired by Whitman DEP Commissioner Bob Shinn for blowing the whistle on Whitman’s efforts to lie to the public and suppress science and derail regulation regarding health risks of mercury in in freshwater fish. Surely, I have many axes to grind. That’s why all of the above is supported by links to the official documents.

Of course, with the exception of the Stop and Frisk episode, virtually none of this can be found on Whitman’s Wikipedia page, which has been scrubbed.

But you can find all this – and more – in the transcript of the US Senate Environment Committee’s confirmation hearing on Whitman for EPA Administrator. And don’t miss my friend Bill Neil’s testimony.]

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Dispatch From Deschutes

October 4th, 2018 No comments

Oregon Gov. Proposes State Legislation To Block Trump EPA Regulatory Rollbacks

A National Model?

Little Deschutes River

Little Deschutes River

I’m now in Deschutes National Forest and will post a quick note today.

Oregon Governor Brown held a press conference yesterday to announce her support of new legislation to block Trump EPA regulatory rollbacks. Hopefully, it is a serious policy proposal, and not a campaign stunt weeks before her election.

There are more than 76 regulatory rollbacks already, and that does not include important scientific and technical rollbacks that are essential to State environmental programs.

The San Francisco Chronicle reports:

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Oregon Gov. Kate Brown on Wednesday announced legislation that would maintain Oregon’s water and air quality rules at the same level or higher than they were the day before President Donald Trump took office. …

The Trump administration has undertaken several actions to overturn or delay environmental laws from taking effect, ranging from carbon-emissions goals in the Obama-era Clean Power Plan designed to help the United States meet international climate goals to protections for wildlife — and from regulations of pesticides, ozone and mercury to expanding fossil fuel development on public lands.

With the new legislation, called the Oregon Environmental Protection Act, Brown said she is looking to inspire a national movement of states to oppose what she called the “unprecedented and aggressive attack” on clean air and water.

This sounds like a far more effective approach than current practice of States to sue EPA on each and every proposed regulatory rollback.

Litigation in federal courts is not only a case by case slog, but it is not reliable, sometime produces unintended consequences, and costs time and money. Federal judges are not the best crafters of environmental policy.

In contrast, State legislation can be comprehensive, is totally under control off State policy-makers – as opposed to federal judges – and is far less costly and quicker than federal litigation.

Obviously, a State legislative strategy is more democratic and participatory than a judicial strategy, which restricts discourse to a handful of lawyers, legal briefs, and a judge.

So, I sent the letter below to our friends in NJ, Senate Environment Committee Chairman Bob Smith and Senator Greenstein:

Dear Chairman Smith and Senator Greenstein:

While enjoying the Cascades, I heard an NPR report today that Oregon Gov. Brown has proposed legislation intended to block Trump EPA rollbacks of federal regulations using State authority, called the “Oregon Environmental Protection Act“. See the San Francisco Chronicle story:

https://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/Brown-touts-Oregon-environmental-legislation-13278395.php?utm_campaign=twitter-premium&utm_source=CMS%20Sharing%20Button&utm_medium=social

I tried to obtain a copy of the legislation, but apparently its not drafted yet.

State legislation sounds like a more effective approach, compared to case by case lawsuits to block specific EPA regulations. I’m not quite sure how this would work from a legislative and regulatory perspective, however, so will hold off on specific recommendations until I review the Oregon bill.

As you know, since the Whitman administration, many of NJ’s more stringent State regulations and technical requirements (Technical Manuals, Guidance, etc) have been scaled back to minimum federal EPA requirements (particularly the air pollution control program, which also has regulatory links to NJ “catastrophic risk” program)).

Additionally, there are federal EPA delegated regulatory programs that NJ implements directly based on federal regulations (e.g. Safe Drinking Water Act, CLEan Water Act, et al)

There also are federal EPA regulatory programs (e.g. RCRA Corrective Action), for which NJ has not received delegation from EPA.

Last, there are many outstanding issues that require new regulation that the Trump EPA has abandoned (e.g. climate change – greenhouse gas emissions reduction, et al)

Accordingly, NJ is vulnerable to federal EPA regulatory rollbacks.

I urge you to request that OLS obtain a copy of the Oregon legislation when it is introduced and that you consider sponsoring a NJ variant.

Appreciate your reply,

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USGS Study Finds Widespread Presence of Toxic Pesticides & Herbicides In Pinelands Ponds and Wetlands

October 2nd, 2018 No comments

Significantly, greater numbers of pesticides and higher total pesticide concentrations were observed in stormwater basins than in natural and excavated ponds. Reference wetlands had fewer pesticides and lower total pesticide concentrations compared to degraded wetlands, indicating a positive relation between percent altered land and pesticides throughout the New Jersey Pinelands. ~~~ USGS Research Report (2018)

An important USGS study was just released that provides deeply disturbing data and findings regarding the presence and prevalence of toxic herbicides and pesticides in what should be considered the “pristine” NJ Pinelands.

I’m on the road and really don’t have the focus to read and analyze the full USGS study, but the abstract is disturbing regarding the presence and prevalence of toxic herbicides and pesticides.

The USGS research also suggests that current regulations and management requirements of the Pinelands Commission and NJ DEP regarding stormwater and wetlands are seriously flawed and that monitoring for the ecological impacts of toxics has not been robust.

Previous research in 2002 by NJ DEP found that created wetlands and mitigation do not perform the ecological functions of natural wetlands, so this is not the first science to suggest that regulatory policies must be strengthened.

Here is the USGS study abstract: (emphases mine)

A study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New Jersey Pinelands Commission and Montclair State University, was designed to compare pesticide concentrations and the presence and prevalence of amphibian pathogens between natural ponds and two types of created wetlands, excavated ponds and stormwater basins, throughout the New Jersey Pinelands. …  Sites were selected on the basis of land-use classifications within a 500-meter radius around each wetland from a pool of natural ponds, excavated ponds, and stormwater basins determined by the New Jersey Pinelands Commission.

Here are the major findings:

The amount of altered land (percent agricultural plus percent developed) ranged from 0 to 62.4 percent for the natural ponds, 0 to 63.6 percent for the excavated ponds, and 23.3 to 80.2 percent for the stormwater basins. The herbicides atrazine and metolachlor were observed in 60 and 89 percent of the water samples, respectively. The insecticide bifenthrin was the most frequently detected current-use pesticide (greater than 25 percent of the samples) in bed-sediment, anuran-food, and composite larval-anuran-tissue samples. The legacy insecticide p,p’-DDT and its primary degradates p,p’-DDD and p,p’-DDE were the most frequently detected compounds in bed-sediment and anuran-food samples (32–76 percent in sediment samples and 24–72 percent in anuran-food samples).

Significantly, greater numbers of pesticides and higher total pesticide concentrations were observed in stormwater basins than in natural and excavated ponds. Reference wetlands had fewer pesticides and lower total pesticide concentrations compared to degraded wetlands, indicating a positive relation between percent altered land and pesticides throughout the New Jersey Pinelands. Ranavirus was observed in larvae from 4 wetlands, including 1 reference natural pond, 1 degraded natural pond, and 2 degraded stormwater basins, with prevalence ranging from 3 to 43 percent. Bd was detected in swabs from 18 animals and in 4 natural ponds (1 reference and 3 degraded), 3 excavated ponds (all reference), and 2 stormwater basins (1 reference and 1 degraded); however, detection probability was low. In the wetlands with Bd detections, between 10 and 30 percent (between 1 and 3) of the animal’s swabbed tested positive for Bd. Owing to the limited number of positive detections for both Bd and Ranavirus, no statistical comparisons between wetland types and land-use classifications were possible.

DEP has taken the position that regulated activities in the Pinelands are not subject to compliance with the DEP’s surface water quality standards

Those SWQS standards have numeric limits for herbicides and pesticides, and include this prohibition: (see: NJAC 7:9B-1.5(a)4.)

Toxic substances in waters of the State shall not be at levels that are toxic to humans or the aquatic biota, or that bioaccumulate in the aquatic biota so as to render them unfit for human consumption.

That flawed DEP interpretation must be revisited in light of this disturbing research.

This is newsworthy and deeply troubling.

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