Home > Uncategorized > Not Too Bright In Sea Bright NJ – Christie Attempt to Hold Back The Sea A Costly Exercise in Futility

Not Too Bright In Sea Bright NJ – Christie Attempt to Hold Back The Sea A Costly Exercise in Futility

Sea Bright, NJ

Sea Bright, NJ

New Jersey was really a giant science experiment,” he’d told me.  “New Jersey was the home of some of the first vacation spots and one of the first places to arm their beaches. Thanks to New Jersey we learned that any sort of hard stabilization—sea walls, groins, and jetties—was very damaging to the beach.  We learned that the damage occurs just by building something fixed by the beach—could be a highway, for instance. The problem of beaches is that they are eroding and always moving.  The beach tends to move toward that fixed thing and get narrower and narrower and narrower until it disappears altogether.” […] Duke University emeritus Professor Pilkey, quoted in “Hurricane Sandy: Rebuilding Is Madness”

 

Many areas also suffered devastating flooding with recorded stages in the tidal rivers as high as +13ft NAVD88. In the downtown portion of Sea Bright alone there are over 150 structures (125 residential and 25 non-residential) with elevations of +5 ft NA VD88 or below that were subject to flood depths of 8 ft or more from the Shrewsbury River. Low lying areas along the Shark River and Manasquan River were also subject to extensive flooding through the inlets.  […]

It is important to note all of the projects addressed in this section are located on barrier islands except for one, Ocean Gate, NJ, which is on the mainland bay shoreline in Barnegat Bay. The barrier island projects were also subject to flooding from the unprotected back side of the island. None of these projects were designed to reduce back-bay flooding.    US Army Corps of Engineers – Sandy Damage Assessment

The Army Corps of Engineers reports that Sea Bright suffered major flooding to low lying structures from tidal rivers and back bays and that sea walls are not designed to protect back bay areas on barrier islands.

What does the Christie administration do with that analysis?

Gov. Christie announced construction of another sea wall, this time along a 1,000 foot stretch of highly vulnerable beach in Sea Bright, (see DEP press release).

Historically, the existing sea wall routinely has suffered damage from coastal storms and it was severely damaged, overtopped, and breached by Superstorm Sandy.

You can read the local boosterism that politically persuaded the Christie Administration to build the project here – notably absent from that local boosterism is any recognition of the reality of climate change or sea level rise vulnerabilities.

That’s why it is boosterism and not planning.

Real planning is based on science and data, not political theater and economic development interests.

I could cite dozens, but here’s just one example – here is Gov. Christie on the question of future storms: (Star Ledger, 8/29/14)

“What we’re doing here is something that’s planning for incidents like Sandy, although I suspect we’ll never see anything quite like that again,” the governor added.

Here’s how a Rutgers planning study that looks at Sea Bright: Adapting to Climate Change in Coastal Monmouth County (2012)

  • Due to climate change, there is an increasing probability of recurring storm events in the future. 
  • Sea Bright’s barrier island geography presents significant development limitations
  • Sea Bright is subject to frequent flooding (especially during spring high tide)

At a cost of $8.5 million of State funds, the project is a huge waste of taxpayer money.

As another example of denial of climate change and an accommodation to local boosterism, politics, and economic development, it is an abdication of governing and rational public policy.

We’ve previously written about why sea walls don’t work and how they displace and make coastal erosion and flooding problem worse in other places, see:

We’ve quoted Rutgers scientists and flood management experts regarding why sea walls fail to prevent back bay flooding, a problem they call NJ Shore’s “achilles heel”.

We’ve illustrated other states’ coastal management programs that discourage sea wall construction.

Sea Bright is particularly vulnerable to back bay and river flooding, as the Google maps photo above reveals.

I was unable to find an online document of the design of the proposed sea bright sea wall, but I can almost guarantee that the design basis is the 100 year storm and that it does NOT consider climate change and sea level rise. Accordingly, the project is under designed and surely will be over-topped by storm surge waves, damaged, or breached by future storms.

Engineered structures are designed based upon an event, e.g. the 100 year or 500 year storm. But scientists have observed that historical storm frequency and intensity statistics are no longer valid as a result of climate change, which will increase the severity and the track (or wind and wave/surge patterns) of coastal storms and the storm surge elevations and locations.

Climate change is also driving sea level rise, which has a significant impact of storm surge elevations and intensity.

A US Army Corps of Engineers performance evaluation found:

Hurricane Sandy was an extraordinary storm, particularly in the coastal areas extending from Cape May, NJ to Montauk Point, NY. Peak water levels indicate that Hurricane Sandy was at least greater than a 200 year event (1 in 200 annual exceedance probability), greatly exceeding project design levels. 

[Actually, at the Sea Bright location, Table 8 shows that Sandy 16.5 foot elevation was a “>500 year” storm.]

Even USACE recognizes that sea walls merely “reduce damage“, they do not prevent it and that sea walls do nothing to even reduce back bay flooding:

In many locations, heavily developed areas on the bayside of many projects (and non- project areas) were subject to back-bay flooding and wide-spread inundation damage. Projects in these areas were not authorized or formulated to comprehensively manage flood risks from the back-bay. These bayside areas remain vulnerable to future flooding and sea level rise. 

Let’s repeat that: “bayside areas remain vulnerable to future flooding and sea level rise.”

The USACE concludes that a broader strategy is required:

Delivery of more comprehensive protection to affected coastal areas requires a broader approach to the investigation and planning of flood and coastal storm damage reduction projects that includes consideration of potential flooding of back-bay reaches of barrier islands among other concerns. Provision of increased levels of flood risk reduction may increase the cost of projects, so evaluation of such projects will be based on economic benefits, as well as other factors such as reduced risk of mortality and capacity for a resilient recovery.

More see walls do not make the NJ shore more resilient.

They just create a false sense of security and lock taxpayers into a costly losing game of pumping sand on the beach and repairing storm damage.

Categories: Uncategorized Tags:
  1. No comments yet.
Comment pages
1 13 14 15 35288
  1. September 3rd, 2014 at 15:18 | #1
  2. April 20th, 2015 at 03:46 | #2
  3. April 20th, 2015 at 22:54 | #3
  4. April 27th, 2015 at 03:22 | #4
  5. April 27th, 2015 at 06:34 | #5
  6. April 27th, 2015 at 06:34 | #6
  7. April 27th, 2015 at 06:35 | #7
  8. April 27th, 2015 at 08:48 | #8
  9. April 27th, 2015 at 08:48 | #9
  10. April 27th, 2015 at 08:49 | #10
  11. April 27th, 2015 at 08:49 | #11
  12. April 27th, 2015 at 09:34 | #12
  13. April 27th, 2015 at 09:34 | #13
  14. April 27th, 2015 at 09:34 | #14
  15. April 27th, 2015 at 09:34 | #15
  16. April 27th, 2015 at 09:35 | #16
  17. April 27th, 2015 at 09:35 | #17
  18. April 27th, 2015 at 18:12 | #18
  19. April 27th, 2015 at 22:01 | #19
  20. April 28th, 2015 at 00:05 | #20
  21. April 28th, 2015 at 00:05 | #21
  22. April 28th, 2015 at 00:10 | #22
  23. April 28th, 2015 at 00:11 | #23
  24. April 28th, 2015 at 00:11 | #24
  25. April 28th, 2015 at 00:12 | #25
  26. April 28th, 2015 at 00:13 | #26
  27. April 28th, 2015 at 00:13 | #27
  28. April 28th, 2015 at 00:38 | #28
  29. April 28th, 2015 at 00:38 | #29
  30. April 28th, 2015 at 00:38 | #30
  31. April 28th, 2015 at 00:38 | #31
  32. April 28th, 2015 at 00:39 | #32
  33. April 28th, 2015 at 01:17 | #33
  34. April 28th, 2015 at 01:17 | #34
  35. April 28th, 2015 at 01:17 | #35
  36. April 28th, 2015 at 01:28 | #36
  37. April 28th, 2015 at 01:28 | #37
  38. April 28th, 2015 at 01:44 | #38
  39. April 28th, 2015 at 01:44 | #39
  40. April 28th, 2015 at 01:44 | #40
  41. April 28th, 2015 at 01:44 | #41
  42. April 28th, 2015 at 03:42 | #42
  43. April 28th, 2015 at 03:44 | #43
  44. April 28th, 2015 at 03:44 | #44
  45. April 28th, 2015 at 03:45 | #45
  46. April 28th, 2015 at 03:51 | #46
  47. April 28th, 2015 at 03:52 | #47
  48. April 28th, 2015 at 03:52 | #48
  49. April 28th, 2015 at 03:52 | #49
  50. April 28th, 2015 at 06:06 | #50
  51. April 28th, 2015 at 06:06 | #51
  52. April 28th, 2015 at 06:06 | #52
  53. April 28th, 2015 at 06:07 | #53
  54. April 28th, 2015 at 06:21 | #54
  55. April 28th, 2015 at 06:21 | #55
  56. April 28th, 2015 at 06:22 | #56
  57. April 28th, 2015 at 06:22 | #57
  58. April 28th, 2015 at 06:56 | #58
  59. April 28th, 2015 at 06:56 | #59
  60. April 28th, 2015 at 06:56 | #60
  61. April 28th, 2015 at 06:56 | #61
  62. April 28th, 2015 at 09:44 | #62
  63. April 28th, 2015 at 09:45 | #63
  64. April 28th, 2015 at 09:45 | #64
  65. April 28th, 2015 at 09:45 | #65
  66. April 28th, 2015 at 09:45 | #66
  67. April 28th, 2015 at 09:46 | #67
  68. April 28th, 2015 at 15:22 | #68
  69. April 28th, 2015 at 15:23 | #69
  70. April 28th, 2015 at 15:23 | #70
  71. April 28th, 2015 at 15:36 | #71
  72. April 28th, 2015 at 15:36 | #72
  73. April 28th, 2015 at 15:36 | #73
  74. April 28th, 2015 at 15:39 | #74
  75. April 28th, 2015 at 15:39 | #75
  76. April 28th, 2015 at 15:40 | #76
  77. April 28th, 2015 at 15:40 | #77
  78. April 28th, 2015 at 15:41 | #78
  79. April 28th, 2015 at 15:41 | #79
  80. April 28th, 2015 at 15:48 | #80
  81. April 28th, 2015 at 15:48 | #81
  82. April 28th, 2015 at 15:48 | #82
  83. April 29th, 2015 at 02:01 | #83
  84. April 29th, 2015 at 19:43 | #84
  85. April 30th, 2015 at 04:06 | #85
  86. April 30th, 2015 at 12:24 | #86
  87. May 1st, 2015 at 06:48 | #87
  88. May 1st, 2015 at 06:48 | #88
  89. May 1st, 2015 at 06:49 | #89
  90. May 1st, 2015 at 06:49 | #90
  91. May 1st, 2015 at 06:49 | #91
  92. May 1st, 2015 at 06:49 | #92
  93. May 1st, 2015 at 06:50 | #93
  94. May 1st, 2015 at 06:50 | #94
  95. May 1st, 2015 at 06:51 | #95
  96. May 1st, 2015 at 06:51 | #96
  97. May 1st, 2015 at 06:51 | #97
  98. May 1st, 2015 at 06:52 | #98
  99. May 1st, 2015 at 06:52 | #99
  100. May 1st, 2015 at 11:18 | #100
  101. May 1st, 2015 at 11:18 | #101
  102. May 1st, 2015 at 11:18 | #102
  103. May 1st, 2015 at 12:30 | #103
  104. May 1st, 2015 at 12:31 | #104
  105. May 1st, 2015 at 12:31 | #105
  106. May 1st, 2015 at 12:31 | #106
  107. May 1st, 2015 at 13:03 | #107
  108. May 1st, 2015 at 13:03 | #108
  109. May 1st, 2015 at 13:03 | #109
  110. May 1st, 2015 at 13:03 | #110
  111. May 1st, 2015 at 13:42 | #111
  112. May 1st, 2015 at 13:42 | #112
  113. May 1st, 2015 at 13:42 | #113
  114. May 1st, 2015 at 13:42 | #114
  115. May 1st, 2015 at 14:14 | #115
  116. May 1st, 2015 at 14:14 | #116
  117. May 1st, 2015 at 14:14 | #117
  118. May 1st, 2015 at 16:07 | #118
  119. May 1st, 2015 at 16:08 | #119
  120. May 1st, 2015 at 16:11 | #120
  121. May 1st, 2015 at 16:11 | #121
  122. May 1st, 2015 at 16:19 | #122
  123. May 1st, 2015 at 16:19 | #123
  124. May 1st, 2015 at 16:24 | #124
  125. May 1st, 2015 at 16:24 | #125
  126. May 1st, 2015 at 16:45 | #126
  127. May 1st, 2015 at 16:45 | #127
  128. May 1st, 2015 at 17:23 | #128
  129. May 1st, 2015 at 17:23 | #129
  130. May 1st, 2015 at 17:32 | #130
  131. May 1st, 2015 at 17:32 | #131
  132. May 1st, 2015 at 17:45 | #132
  133. May 1st, 2015 at 17:45 | #133
  134. May 1st, 2015 at 17:48 | #134
  135. May 1st, 2015 at 17:49 | #135
  136. May 1st, 2015 at 17:57 | #136
  137. May 1st, 2015 at 17:57 | #137
  138. May 1st, 2015 at 17:58 | #138
  139. May 1st, 2015 at 17:58 | #139
  140. May 1st, 2015 at 18:06 | #140
  141. May 1st, 2015 at 18:06 | #141
  142. May 1st, 2015 at 18:28 | #142
  143. May 1st, 2015 at 18:28 | #143
  144. May 1st, 2015 at 21:47 | #144
  145. May 1st, 2015 at 21:48 | #145
  146. May 1st, 2015 at 21:48 | #146
  147. May 1st, 2015 at 23:04 | #147
  148. May 1st, 2015 at 23:04 | #148
  149. May 1st, 2015 at 23:05 | #149
  150. May 1st, 2015 at 23:49 | #150
  151. May 1st, 2015 at 23:49 | #151
  152. May 1st, 2015 at 23:49 | #152
  153. May 2nd, 2015 at 00:25 | #153
  154. May 2nd, 2015 at 00:25 | #154
  155. May 2nd, 2015 at 00:25 | #155
  156. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:28 | #156
  157. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:29 | #157
  158. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:29 | #158
  159. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:52 | #159
  160. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:53 | #160
  161. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:53 | #161
  162. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:53 | #162
  163. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:54 | #163
  164. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:54 | #164
  165. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:58 | #165
  166. May 2nd, 2015 at 02:58 | #166
  167. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:20 | #167
  168. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:20 | #168
  169. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:21 | #169
  170. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:22 | #170
  171. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:24 | #171
  172. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:25 | #172
  173. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:25 | #173
  174. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:26 | #174
  175. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:27 | #175
  176. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:27 | #176
  177. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:55 | #177
  178. May 2nd, 2015 at 04:55 | #178
  179. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:14 | #179
  180. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:15 | #180
  181. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:15 | #181
  182. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:30 | #182
  183. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:30 | #183
  184. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:44 | #184
  185. May 2nd, 2015 at 05:44 | #185
  186. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:11 | #186
  187. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:11 | #187
  188. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:11 | #188
  189. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:34 | #189
  190. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:34 | #190
  191. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:34 | #191
  192. May 2nd, 2015 at 06:59 | #192
  193. May 2nd, 2015 at 07:00 | #193
  194. May 2nd, 2015 at 07:00 | #194
  195. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:20 | #195
  196. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:20 | #196
  197. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:20 | #197
  198. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:58 | #198
  199. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:59 | #199
  200. May 2nd, 2015 at 08:59 | #200
  201. May 2nd, 2015 at 09:25 | #201
  202. May 2nd, 2015 at 09:25 | #202
  203. May 2nd, 2015 at 09:26 | #203
  204. May 2nd, 2015 at 10:00 | #204
  205. May 2nd, 2015 at 10:00 | #205
  206. May 2nd, 2015 at 10:01 | #206
  207. May 2nd, 2015 at 11:23 | #207
  208. May 2nd, 2015 at 11:23 | #208
  209. May 2nd, 2015 at 11:24 | #209
  210. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:54 | #210
  211. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:54 | #211
  212. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:57 | #212
  213. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:57 | #213
  214. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:58 | #214
  215. May 2nd, 2015 at 12:59 | #215
  216. May 2nd, 2015 at 13:04 | #216
  217. May 2nd, 2015 at 13:05 | #217
  218. May 2nd, 2015 at 13:13 | #218
  219. May 2nd, 2015 at 13:13 | #219
  220. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:29 | #220
  221. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:29 | #221
  222. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:29 | #222
  223. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:29 | #223
  224. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:36 | #224
  225. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:36 | #225
  226. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:40 | #226
  227. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:40 | #227
  228. May 2nd, 2015 at 14:41 | #228
  229. May 2nd, 2015 at 15:07 | #229
  230. May 2nd, 2015 at 15:07 | #230
  231. May 2nd, 2015 at 15:10 | #231
  232. May 2nd, 2015 at 15:11 | #232
  233. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:04 | #233
  234. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:04 | #234
  235. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:04 | #235
  236. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:05 | #236
  237. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:05 | #237
  238. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:05 | #238
  239. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:20 | #239
  240. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:21 | #240
  241. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:37 | #241
  242. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:37 | #242
  243. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:38 | #243
  244. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:38 | #244
  245. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:38 | #245
  246. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:39 | #246
  247. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:51 | #247
  248. May 2nd, 2015 at 16:51 | #248
  249. May 2nd, 2015 at 17:41 | #249
  250. May 2nd, 2015 at 17:41 | #250
  251. May 2nd, 2015 at 17:42 | #251
  252. May 2nd, 2015 at 18:03 | #252
  253. May 2nd, 2015 at 18:04 | #253
  254. May 2nd, 2015 at 21:58 | #254
  255. May 2nd, 2015 at 21:58 | #255
  256. May 2nd, 2015 at 22:55 | #256
  257. May 2nd, 2015 at 22:55 | #257
  258. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:00 | #258
  259. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:00 | #259
  260. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:04 | #260
  261. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:04 | #261
  262. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:04 | #262
  263. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:05 | #263
  264. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:05 | #264
  265. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:18 | #265
  266. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:18 | #266
  267. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:24 | #267
  268. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:24 | #268
  269. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:24 | #269
  270. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:47 | #270
  271. May 2nd, 2015 at 23:47 | #271
  272. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:24 | #272
  273. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:24 | #273
  274. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:28 | #274
  275. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:28 | #275
  276. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:37 | #276
  277. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:37 | #277
  278. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:52 | #278
  279. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:52 | #279
  280. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:55 | #280
  281. May 3rd, 2015 at 00:55 | #281
  282. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:21 | #282
  283. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:21 | #283
  284. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:47 | #284
  285. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:47 | #285
  286. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:48 | #286
  287. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:57 | #287
  288. May 3rd, 2015 at 01:57 | #288
  289. May 3rd, 2015 at 02:56 | #289
  290. May 3rd, 2015 at 02:56 | #290
  291. May 3rd, 2015 at 02:56 | #291
  292. May 3rd, 2015 at 03:33 | #292
  293. May 3rd, 2015 at 03:43 | #293
  294. May 3rd, 2015 at 03:43 | #294
  295. May 3rd, 2015 at 04:56 | #295
  296. May 3rd, 2015 at 04:56 | #296
  297. May 3rd, 2015 at 04:56 | #297
  298. May 3rd, 2015 at 05:41 | #298
  299. May 3rd, 2015 at 05:41 | #299
  300. May 3rd, 2015 at 06:40 | #300
  301. May 3rd, 2015 at 06:40 | #301
  302. May 3rd, 2015 at 06:40 | #302
  303. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:02 | #303
  304. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:02 | #304
  305. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:03 | #305
  306. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:11 | #306
  307. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:11 | #307
  308. May 3rd, 2015 at 08:55 | #308
  309. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:27 | #309
  310. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:27 | #310
  311. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:35 | #311
  312. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:35 | #312
  313. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:36 | #313
  314. May 3rd, 2015 at 09:36 | #314
  315. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:13 | #315
  316. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:13 | #316
  317. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:24 | #317
  318. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:26 | #318
  319. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:26 | #319
  320. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:42 | #320
  321. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:43 | #321
  322. May 3rd, 2015 at 10:43 | #322
  323. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:05 | #323
  324. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:05 | #324
  325. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:07 | #325
  326. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:07 | #326
  327. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:46 | #327
  328. May 3rd, 2015 at 11:46 | #328
  329. May 3rd, 2015 at 12:33 | #329
  330. May 3rd, 2015 at 12:34 | #330
  331. May 3rd, 2015 at 12:34 | #331
  332. May 3rd, 2015 at 13:08 | #332
  333. May 3rd, 2015 at 13:40 | #333
  334. May 3rd, 2015 at 13:41 | #334
  335. May 3rd, 2015 at 13:41 | #335
  336. May 3rd, 2015 at 14:37 | #336
  337. May 3rd, 2015 at 14:38 | #337
  338. May 3rd, 2015 at 14:51 | #338
  339. May 3rd, 2015 at 14:51 | #339
  340. May 3rd, 2015 at 15:25 | #340
  341. May 3rd, 2015 at 15:25 | #341
  342. May 3rd, 2015 at 16:38 | #342
  343. May 3rd, 2015 at 16:38 | #343
  344. May 3rd, 2015 at 16:38 | #344
  345. May 3rd, 2015 at 16:45 | #345
  346. May 3rd, 2015 at 16:46 | #346
  347. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:22 | #347
  348. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:22 | #348
  349. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:26 | #349
  350. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:27 | #350
  351. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:27 | #351
  352. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:35 | #352
  353. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:36 | #353
  354. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:51 | #354
  355. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:52 | #355
  356. May 3rd, 2015 at 19:55 | #356
  357. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:24 | #357
  358. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:34 | #358
  359. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:34 | #359
  360. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:42 | #360
  361. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:48 | #361
  362. May 3rd, 2015 at 20:54 | #362
  363. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:09 | #363
  364. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:09 | #364
  365. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:11 | #365
  366. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:11 | #366
  367. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:12 | #367
  368. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:24 | #368
  369. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:27 | #369
  370. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:27 | #370
  371. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:33 | #371
  372. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:33 | #372
  373. May 3rd, 2015 at 21:33 | #373
  374. May 3rd, 2015 at 22:17 | #374
  375. May 3rd, 2015 at 22:17 | #375
  376. May 3rd, 2015 at 22:24 | #376
  377. May 3rd, 2015 at 22:24 | #377
  378. May 4th, 2015 at 00:01 | #378
  379. May 4th, 2015 at 01:26 | #379
  380. May 4th, 2015 at 01:26 | #380
  381. May 4th, 2015 at 01:26 | #381
  382. May 4th, 2015 at 01:37 | #382
  383. May 4th, 2015 at 01:38 | #383
  384. May 4th, 2015 at 02:11 | #384
  385. May 4th, 2015 at 02:11 | #385
  386. May 4th, 2015 at 02:29 | #386
  387. May 4th, 2015 at 02:29 | #387
  388. May 4th, 2015 at 02:29 | #388
  389. May 4th, 2015 at 03:02 | #389
  390. May 4th, 2015 at 03:04 | #390
  391. May 4th, 2015 at 03:04 | #391
  392. May 4th, 2015 at 03:04 | #392
  393. May 4th, 2015 at 03:05 | #393
  394. May 4th, 2015 at 03:05 | #394
  395. May 4th, 2015 at 03:05 | #395
  396. May 4th, 2015 at 03:08 | #396
  397. May 4th, 2015 at 03:08 | #397
  398. May 4th, 2015 at 03:51 | #398
  399. May 4th, 2015 at 03:52 | #399
  400. May 4th, 2015 at 04:00 | #400
  401. May 4th, 2015 at 04:00 | #401
  402. May 4th, 2015 at 04:00 | #402
  403. May 4th, 2015 at 04:21 | #403
  404. May 4th, 2015 at 04:21 | #404
  405. May 4th, 2015 at 05:20 | #405
  406. May 4th, 2015 at 05:26 | #406
  407. May 4th, 2015 at 05:26 | #407
  408. May 4th, 2015 at 06:23 | #408
  409. May 4th, 2015 at 06:23 | #409
  410. May 4th, 2015 at 06:23 | #410
  411. May 4th, 2015 at 06:48 | #411
  412. May 4th, 2015 at 06:54 | #412
  413. May 4th, 2015 at 07:16 | #413
  414. May 4th, 2015 at 07:16 | #414
  415. May 4th, 2015 at 07:18 | #415
  416. May 4th, 2015 at 07:27 | #416
  417. May 4th, 2015 at 07:28 | #417
  418. May 4th, 2015 at 07:53 | #418
  419. May 4th, 2015 at 07:54 | #419
  420. May 4th, 2015 at 09:03 | #420
  421. May 4th, 2015 at 09:04 | #421
  422. May 4th, 2015 at 09:05 | #422
  423. May 4th, 2015 at 09:34 | #423
  424. May 4th, 2015 at 09:34 | #424
  425. May 4th, 2015 at 09:34 | #425
  426. May 4th, 2015 at 10:33 | #426
  427. May 4th, 2015 at 10:34 | #427
  428. May 4th, 2015 at 10:34 | #428
  429. May 4th, 2015 at 10:38 | #429
  430. May 4th, 2015 at 10:39 | #430
  431. May 4th, 2015 at 10:39 | #431
  432. May 4th, 2015 at 11:00 | #432
  433. May 4th, 2015 at 11:00 | #433
  434. May 4th, 2015 at 11:25 | #434
  435. May 4th, 2015 at 11:25 | #435
  436. May 4th, 2015 at 11:25 | #436
  437. May 4th, 2015 at 11:25 | #437
  438. May 4th, 2015 at 11:26 | #438
  439. May 4th, 2015 at 11:27 | #439
  440. May 4th, 2015 at 11:28 | #440
  441. May 4th, 2015 at 11:28 | #441
  442. May 4th, 2015 at 12:37 | #442
  443. May 4th, 2015 at 12:37 | #443
  444. May 4th, 2015 at 13:08 | #444
  445. May 4th, 2015 at 13:08 | #445
  446. May 4th, 2015 at 13:08 | #446
  447. May 4th, 2015 at 13:20 | #447
  448. May 4th, 2015 at 13:21 | #448
  449. May 4th, 2015 at 13:21 | #449
  450. May 4th, 2015 at 15:26 | #450
  451. May 4th, 2015 at 15:26 | #451
  452. May 4th, 2015 at 15:40 | #452
  453. May 4th, 2015 at 15:40 | #453
  454. May 4th, 2015 at 16:08 | #454
  455. May 4th, 2015 at 16:58 | #455
  456. May 4th, 2015 at 16:58 | #456
  457. May 4th, 2015 at 17:11 | #457
  458. May 4th, 2015 at 17:15 | #458
  459. May 4th, 2015 at 17:15 | #459
  460. May 4th, 2015 at 17:16 | #460
  461. May 4th, 2015 at 17:17 | #461
  462. May 4th, 2015 at 17:17 | #462
  463. May 4th, 2015 at 17:17 | #463
  464. May 4th, 2015 at 17:20 | #464
  465. May 4th, 2015 at 17:20 | #465
  466. May 4th, 2015 at 17:20 | #466
  467. May 4th, 2015 at 17:36 | #467
  468. May 4th, 2015 at 17:41 | #468
  469. May 4th, 2015 at 17:42 | #469
  470. May 4th, 2015 at 17:52 | #470
  471. May 4th, 2015 at 17:53 | #471
  472. May 4th, 2015 at 18:07 | #472
  473. May 4th, 2015 at 19:26 | #473
  474. May 4th, 2015 at 19:26 | #474
  475. May 4th, 2015 at 19:29 | #475
  476. May 4th, 2015 at 20:18 | #476
  477. May 4th, 2015 at 20:18 | #477
  478. May 4th, 2015 at 20:18 | #478
  479. May 4th, 2015 at 20:31 | #479
  480. May 4th, 2015 at 20:32 | #480
  481. May 4th, 2015 at 21:38 | #481
  482. May 4th, 2015 at 21:38 | #482
  483. May 4th, 2015 at 21:45 | #483
  484. May 4th, 2015 at 21:45 | #484
  485. May 4th, 2015 at 23:22 | #485
  486. May 4th, 2015 at 23:22 | #486
  487. May 5th, 2015 at 00:09 | #487
  488. May 5th, 2015 at 01:24 | #488
  489. May 5th, 2015 at 01:45 | #489
  490. May 5th, 2015 at 01:47 | #490
  491. May 5th, 2015 at 01:47 | #491
  492. May 5th, 2015 at 02:02 | #492
  493. May 5th, 2015 at 02:39 | #493
  494. May 5th, 2015 at 02:46 | #494
  495. May 5th, 2015 at 02:54 | #495
  496. May 5th, 2015 at 02:59 | #496
  497. May 5th, 2015 at 02:59 | #497
  498. May 5th, 2015 at 02:59 | #498
  499. May 5th, 2015 at 03:30 | #499
  500. May 5th, 2015 at 04:10 | #500
  501. May 5th, 2015 at 04:11 | #501
  502. May 5th, 2015 at 04:18 | #502
  503. May 5th, 2015 at 04:33 | #503
  504. May 5th, 2015 at 04:33 | #504
  505. May 5th, 2015 at 05:12 | #505
  506. May 5th, 2015 at 05:12 | #506
  507. May 5th, 2015 at 05:39 | #507
  508. May 5th, 2015 at 05:39 | #508
  509. May 5th, 2015 at 05:40 | #509
  510. May 5th, 2015 at 05:40 | #510
  511. May 5th, 2015 at 09:15 | #511
  512. May 5th, 2015 at 09:15 | #512
  513. May 5th, 2015 at 09:15 | #513
  514. May 5th, 2015 at 09:15 | #514
  515. May 5th, 2015 at 09:16 | #515
  516. May 5th, 2015 at 09:16 | #516
  517. May 5th, 2015 at 10:37 | #517
  518. May 5th, 2015 at 10:38 | #518
  519. May 5th, 2015 at 10:38 | #519
  520. May 5th, 2015 at 10:38 | #520
  521. May 5th, 2015 at 10:38 | #521
  522. May 5th, 2015 at 10:39 | #522
  523. May 5th, 2015 at 10:39 | #523
  524. May 5th, 2015 at 11:18 | #524
  525. May 5th, 2015 at 11:18 | #525
  526. May 5th, 2015 at 11:18 | #526
  527. May 5th, 2015 at 11:18 | #527
  528. May 5th, 2015 at 11:19 | #528
  529. May 5th, 2015 at 12:55 | #529
  530. May 5th, 2015 at 12:55 | #530
  531. May 5th, 2015 at 12:55 | #531
  532. May 5th, 2015 at 12:55 | #532
  533. May 5th, 2015 at 15:59 | #533
  534. May 5th, 2015 at 15:59 | #534
  535. May 5th, 2015 at 15:59 | #535
  536. May 5th, 2015 at 16:00 | #536
  537. May 5th, 2015 at 17:18 | #537
  538. May 5th, 2015 at 17:18 | #538
  539. May 5th, 2015 at 17:18 | #539
  540. May 5th, 2015 at 17:19 | #540
  541. May 5th, 2015 at 18:28 | #541
  542. May 5th, 2015 at 18:28 | #542
  543. May 5th, 2015 at 18:29 | #543
  544. May 5th, 2015 at 19:13 | #544
  545. May 5th, 2015 at 19:13 | #545
  546. May 5th, 2015 at 19:14 | #546
  547. May 5th, 2015 at 19:45 | #547
  548. May 5th, 2015 at 19:45 | #548
  549. May 5th, 2015 at 19:46 | #549
  550. May 5th, 2015 at 20:33 | #550
  551. May 5th, 2015 at 20:33 | #551
  552. May 5th, 2015 at 20:34 | #552
  553. May 5th, 2015 at 20:44 | #553
  554. May 5th, 2015 at 20:44 | #554
  555. May 5th, 2015 at 20:44 | #555
  556. May 5th, 2015 at 22:02 | #556
  557. May 5th, 2015 at 22:02 | #557
  558. May 5th, 2015 at 22:03 | #558
  559. May 6th, 2015 at 01:00 | #559
  560. May 6th, 2015 at 01:00 | #560
  561. May 6th, 2015 at 01:00 | #561
  562. May 6th, 2015 at 02:26 | #562
  563. May 6th, 2015 at 02:26 | #563
  564. May 6th, 2015 at 02:27 | #564
  565. May 6th, 2015 at 02:27 | #565
  566. May 6th, 2015 at 04:27 | #566
  567. May 6th, 2015 at 04:27 | #567
  568. May 6th, 2015 at 04:27 | #568
  569. May 6th, 2015 at 04:27 | #569
  570. May 6th, 2015 at 04:37 | #570
  571. May 6th, 2015 at 04:37 | #571
  572. May 6th, 2015 at 04:37 | #572
  573. May 6th, 2015 at 04:37 | #573
  574. May 6th, 2015 at 05:54 | #574
  575. May 6th, 2015 at 05:54 | #575
  576. May 6th, 2015 at 05:54 | #576
  577. May 6th, 2015 at 05:55 | #577
  578. May 6th, 2015 at 06:36 | #578
  579. May 6th, 2015 at 06:36 | #579
  580. May 6th, 2015 at 06:36 | #580
  581. May 6th, 2015 at 06:36 | #581
  582. May 6th, 2015 at 06:37 | #582
  583. May 6th, 2015 at 06:37 | #583
  584. May 6th, 2015 at 07:23 | #584
  585. May 6th, 2015 at 07:23 | #585
  586. May 6th, 2015 at 07:23 | #586
  587. May 6th, 2015 at 07:24 | #587
  588. May 6th, 2015 at 07:24 | #588
  589. May 6th, 2015 at 07:24 | #589
  590. May 6th, 2015 at 07:25 | #590
  591. May 6th, 2015 at 10:49 | #591
  592. May 6th, 2015 at 10:49 | #592
  593. May 6th, 2015 at 10:49 | #593
  594. May 6th, 2015 at 10:50 | #594
  595. May 6th, 2015 at 10:50 | #595
  596. May 6th, 2015 at 10:50 | #596
  597. May 6th, 2015 at 10:50 | #597
  598. May 6th, 2015 at 10:51 | #598
  599. May 6th, 2015 at 10:51 | #599
  600. May 6th, 2015 at 12:29 | #600
  601. May 6th, 2015 at 12:30 | #601
  602. May 6th, 2015 at 12:30 | #602
  603. May 6th, 2015 at 12:30 | #603
  604. May 6th, 2015 at 14:47 | #604
  605. May 6th, 2015 at 14:48 | #605
  606. May 6th, 2015 at 14:48 | #606
  607. May 6th, 2015 at 15:08 | #607
  608. May 6th, 2015 at 15:09 | #608
  609. May 6th, 2015 at 15:09 | #609
  610. May 6th, 2015 at 15:09 | #610
  611. May 6th, 2015 at 15:27 | #611
  612. May 6th, 2015 at 15:28 | #612
  613. May 6th, 2015 at 15:28 | #613
  614. May 6th, 2015 at 15:28 | #614
  615. May 6th, 2015 at 15:30 | #615
  616. May 6th, 2015 at 15:30 | #616
  617. May 6th, 2015 at 15:30 | #617
  618. May 6th, 2015 at 16:04 | #618
  619. May 6th, 2015 at 16:05 | #619
  620. May 6th, 2015 at 16:05 | #620
  621. May 6th, 2015 at 16:05 | #621
  622. May 6th, 2015 at 16:10 | #622
  623. May 6th, 2015 at 16:11 | #623
  624. May 6th, 2015 at 16:11 | #624
  625. May 6th, 2015 at 16:11 | #625
  626. May 6th, 2015 at 16:11 | #626
  627. May 6th, 2015 at 17:29 | #627
  628. May 6th, 2015 at 17:29 | #628
  629. May 6th, 2015 at 17:29 | #629
  630. May 6th, 2015 at 19:57 | #630
  631. May 6th, 2015 at 19:57 | #631
  632. May 6th, 2015 at 19:57 | #632
  633. May 6th, 2015 at 21:28 | #633
  634. May 6th, 2015 at 21:28 | #634
  635. May 6th, 2015 at 21:29 | #635
  636. May 6th, 2015 at 21:29 | #636
  637. May 7th, 2015 at 00:05 | #637
  638. May 7th, 2015 at 00:06 | #638
  639. May 7th, 2015 at 00:06 | #639
  640. May 7th, 2015 at 00:06 | #640
  641. May 7th, 2015 at 00:08 | #641
  642. May 7th, 2015 at 00:09 | #642
  643. May 7th, 2015 at 00:09 | #643
  644. May 7th, 2015 at 00:09 | #644
  645. May 7th, 2015 at 00:54 | #645
  646. May 7th, 2015 at 00:54 | #646
  647. May 7th, 2015 at 00:55 | #647
  648. May 7th, 2015 at 00:55 | #648
  649. May 7th, 2015 at 01:11 | #649
  650. May 7th, 2015 at 02:29 | #650
  651. May 7th, 2015 at 02:29 | #651
  652. May 7th, 2015 at 02:29 | #652
  653. May 7th, 2015 at 02:30 | #653
  654. May 7th, 2015 at 02:43 | #654
  655. May 7th, 2015 at 02:43 | #655
  656. May 7th, 2015 at 02:43 | #656
  657. May 7th, 2015 at 02:44 | #657
  658. May 7th, 2015 at 04:40 | #658
  659. May 7th, 2015 at 06:23 | #659
  660. May 7th, 2015 at 09:42 | #660
  661. May 7th, 2015 at 09:42 | #661
  662. May 7th, 2015 at 09:43 | #662
  663. May 7th, 2015 at 09:43 | #663
  664. May 7th, 2015 at 09:43 | #664
  665. May 7th, 2015 at 09:43 | #665
  666. May 7th, 2015 at 09:57 | #666
  667. May 7th, 2015 at 10:03 | #667
  668. May 7th, 2015 at 11:02 | #668
  669. May 7th, 2015 at 12:50 | #669
  670. May 7th, 2015 at 12:52 | #670
  671. May 7th, 2015 at 14:29 | #671
  672. May 7th, 2015 at 14:55 | #672
  673. May 7th, 2015 at 14:57 | #673
  674. May 7th, 2015 at 14:58 | #674
  675. May 7th, 2015 at 14:59 | #675
  676. May 7th, 2015 at 14:59 | #676
  677. May 7th, 2015 at 15:11 | #677
  678. May 7th, 2015 at 15:40 | #678
  679. May 7th, 2015 at 16:26 | #679
  680. May 7th, 2015 at 19:21 | #680
  681. May 7th, 2015 at 19:41 | #681
  682. May 7th, 2015 at 19:57 | #682
  683. May 7th, 2015 at 22:02 | #683
  684. May 8th, 2015 at 12:34 | #684
  685. May 19th, 2015 at 20:40 | #685
  686. May 19th, 2015 at 20:40 | #686
  687. May 19th, 2015 at 20:41 | #687
  688. May 19th, 2015 at 20:42 | #688
  689. May 19th, 2015 at 20:44 | #689
  690. May 20th, 2015 at 15:09 | #690
  691. May 20th, 2015 at 22:22 | #691
  692. May 20th, 2015 at 22:22 | #692
  693. May 20th, 2015 at 22:23 | #693
  694. May 20th, 2015 at 22:25 | #694
  695. May 20th, 2015 at 22:27 | #695
  696. May 24th, 2015 at 15:41 | #696
  697. May 27th, 2015 at 14:16 | #697
  698. May 27th, 2015 at 14:17 | #698
  699. May 27th, 2015 at 14:17 | #699
  700. May 27th, 2015 at 14:34 | #700
  701. May 27th, 2015 at 17:39 | #701
  702. June 4th, 2015 at 01:55 | #702
  703. June 10th, 2015 at 10:22 | #703
  704. June 10th, 2015 at 11:25 | #704
  705. June 23rd, 2015 at 00:32 | #705
  706. June 23rd, 2015 at 00:35 | #706
  707. June 23rd, 2015 at 00:42 | #707
  708. June 23rd, 2015 at 00:43 | #708
  709. June 24th, 2015 at 10:04 | #709
  710. June 24th, 2015 at 10:25 | #710
  711. July 4th, 2015 at 10:14 | #711
  712. January 25th, 2016 at 14:03 | #712
  713. January 27th, 2016 at 10:02 | #713
  714. July 7th, 2016 at 12:37 | #714
  715. September 7th, 2016 at 23:44 | #715
  716. September 19th, 2016 at 10:01 | #716
  717. December 29th, 2016 at 07:47 | #717
  718. June 22nd, 2017 at 10:41 | #718
  719. June 30th, 2017 at 03:26 | #719
  720. October 13th, 2017 at 05:39 | #720
  721. December 5th, 2017 at 14:02 | #721
  722. September 8th, 2019 at 20:33 | #722
  723. September 21st, 2019 at 07:02 | #723
You must be logged in to post a comment.